Tag Archives: Torah

ALERT: Important conversation worth watching…

If you’re interested in the reunification of the tribes, you will find that something very interesting is happening over at Pete Rambo’s blog, natsab.   Listen in!

natsab

Dear readers,

There is an important conversation taking place that you may want to watch.  Please do not ‘pile-on,’ however this is a good opportunity to read and understand some of the fundamentals in one of many ongoing conversations with brother Judah.

Go here: https://natsab.com/2017/05/28/gods-word-concerning-the-regathering/

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ARE THE FEASTS STILL SACRED? Should believers continue to celebrate them?

Holy Holy Holy

Holy, holy, holy, is YHVH of hosts: the whole earth is full of His glory.      Isaiah 6:3

The feasts are still sacred for two main reasons:

  • Most importantly, the meaning and efficacy of the feasts is based solely on the shed Blood of The Lamb and the Kingship of Messiah, as will be shown in the articles to follow.  They are the commemoration and celebration of His Work, giving Him the honor that is His due.  The Feasts will be celebrated at least throughout the Millennial Reign when He sits on the Throne.  Do we really want to treat YHVH’s feasts with disdain and neglect?
  •  The feasts are prophetic pictures of Messiah’s unfolding ministry, which makes them extremely pertinent to the practice of our faith, since all that they picture has not yet been accomplished (Matt 5:18).  They shed light on events of the past and prepare us for events yet to come.

Continue reading ARE THE FEASTS STILL SACRED? Should believers continue to celebrate them?

YHVH’S FEASTS – Introduction

Feasts - Divine AppointmentsYears ago, a church in our area sponsored a teaching event featuring a demonstration Seder (Passover meal), and it was a deeply moving experience for all of the participants.  The correlation between the elements of the feast and the life, death, resurrection and Kingship of Y’shua was so obvious, and gave us new insight into His ministry and His prominent place in Old Testament prophecy.   Continue reading YHVH’S FEASTS – Introduction

Just a Thought …

civil lawIn Y’shua’s day, Torah was the CIVIL law of the nation of Israel, and it efficiently regulated daily life.  Had Y’shua ‘done away with’ Torah, He would simultaneously have ‘done away with’ the civil law of Israel, making Israel indistinguishable from the pagan nations around her.

Yet scripture tells us repeatedly that YHVH’s intent was for the Hebrews to act as priests to all the nations, living out before them lives devoted to charity, purity and fellowship with YHVH and each other, with Torah as their guide.  That duty and privilege has never been rescinded by Y’shua or YHVH, despite what the modern church might teach.  Continue reading Just a Thought …

Torah in the Book of the ACTS of the Apostles: Chapters 21 – 26

Acts 21 and 22 – Circumcision…. again –

Chapters 21 and 22 are filled with important information about the early believers’ understanding of their relationship to Torah.

Apparently the issue of circumcision was still a thorn in the side of the Body.  Continue reading Torah in the Book of the ACTS of the Apostles: Chapters 21 – 26

One Law for Jew and Gentile

This article was originally posted in 2014 at THE COMING KINGDOM, which is the blog that my husband and I do together.  This is an updated and edited version.  The article is long because it quotes a LOT of verses, but it isn’t really necessary to read every one – they’re there for study purposes.  It is hoped that a review of the passages – even a cursory review – will make it evident that YHVH intends for ALL people to live together under His Way of Righteousness, which we call Torah.

Two Ways of Looking at it…

Generally there are two viewpoints regarding the “Law”:

  • The accepted teaching among modern Jews is that Gentiles are expected only to follow the terms of the Noahic Covenant, [1] but are not expected (or even encouraged) to observe Torah, [2] because Torah is considered to be a blessing granted only to the Jews.
  • The accepted teaching among Christians is that ‘Jesus fulfilled the Law’ (Torah), thereby ‘freeing’ men from its burden and condemnation.

Talk about different perspectives!  One group sees Torah as a blessing to which only their certain group is entitled, while the other sees it as a burden and a curse which has been placed only on a certain group (but thankfully not on them)!

We believe Scripture disagrees with both teachings.

Rather than listening to the teaching of men, wouldn’t we be wiser to listen to the teaching of scripture?

Ye shall have one manner of law, as well for the stranger, as for one of your own country: for I am YHVH your God.  Lev 24:22

….but my [God’s provision for] salvation shall be for ever, and my righteousness shall not be abolished.  Hearken unto me, ye that know righteousness, the people in whose heart is my Torah Isaiah 51:6-7

Thy righteousness is an everlasting righteousness, and thy Torah is the truth.[1]  Psalm 119:142 

Now therefore fear YHVH, and serve him in sincerity and in truth  Joshua 24:14

Only fear YHVH, and serve him in truth with all your heart… 1 Sam 12:24

God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth.  John 4:24

…for he cometh, for he cometh to judge the earth: he shall judge the world with righteousness, and the people with his truth Psalm 96:13

Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect, in whom my soul delighteth; I have put my spirit upon him: he shall bring forth judgment [just laws] to the Gentiles. … I YHVH have called thee [Messiah] in righteousness [the biblical definition of righteousness is obedience to YHVH’s Torah – Deut 6:25], and will hold thine hand, and will keep thee, and give thee for a covenant of the people, for a light of the Gentiles … He shall not fail nor be discouraged, till he have set judgment in the earth: and the isles shall wait for his law.  … YHVH is well pleased for his righteousness’ sake; he will magnify the law, and make it honorable.   Isa 42:1, 4, 6, 21

Etc., etc., etc.!

YHVH is Truth, and, thank goodness, He never changes. (Mal 3:6)   His Torah will never be abolished or even change, because it is simply YHVH’s (unchanging) ethical standards applied to human behavior.  He has given us His Torah as His ordained way for humankind to participate in His Truth.  What a privilege!

For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways my ways, saith YHVHIsaiah 55:8

Keep MY commands and follow them. I am YHVH Lev 22:31

… do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, that you may prove [Greek dokimazō recognize as genuine after examination] what is that good and acceptable and perfect will [Greek: thelēmacommand, precept] of GodRom 12:2 NKJV

Thy Word [Heb: ‘imrahword of God, the Torah] have I hid in my heart, that I might not sin against thee.  Ps 119:11

The Blessing of Torah is for All Men

Intensive study of the Word has convinced us that YHVH’s standards for men (known today as Torah) have been in place since the beginning of time, [2] for the simple reason that they are the earthly expression of His heavenly Nature. Torah instructions are YHVH’s personal ethical standards applied to human behavior.  YHVH expects all men to live according to His standards.  When it comes to His peoples’ lifestyle, there is neither Jew nor Gentile in His Kingdom (Gal 3:28) – there is only His family, and His family lives according to His ‘house rules.’

One of the most reliable and precious attributes of Yah’s Character is His perfect justice.  Any good parent knows that if peace, love and justice are to reign in their household, all members of the family must be subject to the same house rules.  It is the same in YHVH’s household – His Kingdom.  There is one Law to which all members of the family are expected to adhere.

Yah’s intent is that all men should acknowledge Him as King and live under His just rule, protected by His just and loving Law.  Sadly, human rebellion has (to date) prevented that from becoming a reality.  For this reason, long ago YHVH set apart one group of people (we call them ‘the Jews’) with the intent that they would demonstrate to all the nations what life under YHVH can be like, and offer all men the opportunity to join them in that lifestyle.

Up until the time of Y’shua – and even well into the First Century – the Jews were pretty faithful to their task; they had a tremendous effect on the nations around them.  (For example, most of the Roman Empire observed the Sabbath as the day of rest.)  Unfortunately, in their backlash against fellow Jews who recognized Y’shua as Messiah, and in their battle against Roman (Gentile) persecution, the Jews began to hoard the treasures of Torah to themselves, until today they practically beat off any Gentiles who might consider following it.

Nevertheless, YHVH’s invitation remains open to all who wish to apply for citizenship in His Kingdom Family and who are ready to live according to His just, Love-based law!

We are told in Ephesians 2:12-14 that when we acknowledge Y’shua as our sacrificial offering, High Priest and King, we are adopted into the nation (family or people) of Israel, as well as into the covenantS of promise, a phrase which specifically refers to the Abrahamic and Mt Sinai covenants as renewed by Y’shua.  Y’shua’s Gentile disciples have not been separated from the Covenant Family – we have become PART of that family!  As new family members, we are expected to follow the same house rules set by YHVH for the original members of the family. [3]

Why would we want to be ‘set free’ from Torah???

Moses said: Behold, I have taught you statutes and judgments, even as YHVH my God commanded me, that ye should do so in the land whither ye go to possess it.  Keep therefore and do them; for this is your wisdom and your understanding in the sight of the nations, which shall hear all these statutes, and say, Surely this great nation is a wise and understanding people.  For what nation is there so great, who hath God so nigh unto them, as the LORD our God is in all things that we call upon him for?  And what nation is there so great, that hath statutes and judgments so righteous as all this law, which I set before you this day? (Deut 4:5-8)

Moses wasn’t bragging.  Many eminent legislators down through the ages have acknowledged the superior wisdom, compassion and justice of God’s Torah laws.  The American and British systems, for example, are heavily indebted to the biblical pattern.

For example, John Adams, our second US President and a signer of the Declaration of Independence, a man famous for his sharp mind (lawyer, diplomat, statesman, political theorist) said:

Suppose a nation in some distant Region should take the Bible for their only law Book, and every member should regulate his conduct by the precepts there exhibited!  Every member would be obliged in conscience, to temperance, frugality, and industry; to justice, kindness, and charity towards his fellow men; and to piety, love, and reverence toward Almighty God … What a Eutopia, what a Paradise would this region be.
Diary and Autobiography of John Adams, Vol. III, p. 9.

Contrary to what we are taught in the church, Torah is not a burden.  It is designed to bring blessing into human life. Torah is a precious treasure that allows us to know and walk in the Ways of YHVH!

So what is the church so afraid of?  Answer: They have confused Torah with Talmud – two VERY different things. One is from God; the other is from man.

The scribes and Pharisees insisted on obedience to their doctrines and traditions (today known as Talmud), which were (and still are) often burdensome in the extreme.  Y’shua DID set us free from their burden.  He told us to obey the Law of Moses, but not to follow the man-made regulations of the scribes and Pharisees if they overrode the commands of Torah or were contrary to Torah principles.

Then Y’shua said to the crowds and to his disciples:The teachers of the law and the Pharisees sit in Moses’ seat. [They claim the authority of Moses; they teach the Torah] So you must be careful to do everything they [4] tell you. [i.e., the Torah, aka the Law of Moses] But do not do what they DO [5]:for they do not practice what they preach.  They tie up heavy, cumbersome loads and put them on other people’s shoulders, but they themselves are not willing to lift a finger to move them.”  Matt 23:1-4

Then Y’shua said unto them, Take heed and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees.Then understood they how that he bade them not beware of the leaven of bread, but of the doctrine of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees.  Matt 16:6, 12

Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls.[6]  For MY yoke is easy, and MY burden is lightMatt 11:29-30

His Yoke IS easy!  James calls it “The Law of Liberty”!! (James 1:25 and 2:12)  There are many clear indications in scripture that Torah has been around since the beginning of time  (see Evidence That Torah Was Given to All Men at Creation), and since it was Y’shua who was the Creator (John 1:3), the only inference to be made is that when Y’shua refers to HIS yoke and burden, He is referring to His Torah (which is sometimes referred to as a yoke: see Jer 5:5, Jer 31:18, etc.).

DECIDE FOR YOURSELF

Below, we have listed the various words used in scripture when it talks about non-Jews, followed by a good sampling of verses utilizing those words.  We invite you to use this as a jumping-off point in your own study of the scriptures to determine whether or not YHVH expects all men to follow His Torah instructions.  We would love to hear your conclusion!


Hebrew and Greek words translated into English as ‘stranger,’ ‘foreigner’ or ‘Gentile’:

Hebrew:

H1471 גּוֹיgō’·ē (goy) – nation, people, usually of non-Hebrew people but sometimes used in reference to the descendants (nation) of Abraham.  Often used with “the added notion of being foes and barbarians; or of being profane persons, strangers to the true religion.” (Gesenius) Translated as ‘Gentiles’, ‘heathen’ and ‘nations.’

 H1481 – גּוּר – gürto sojourn, abide, dwell in, dwell with, remain, inhabit, be a stranger, be continuing, surely

H1616גָּר – ger – a temporary inhabitant, a newcomer lacking inherited rights; of foreigners in Israel, though conceded rights

H2114 זוּרzuwr to be strange, be a stranger; to become estranged; foreigner, an enemy (participle); to be a stranger, be one alienated; loathsome, profane

H4033 מָגוּר maguwrsojourning place, dwelling-place, sojourning

H5236נֵכָר – nekar – foreign, alien, foreignness, that which is foreign; foreign gods; alien, foreigner; foreign (vanities)

H5237נָכְרִי nokriyforeign, alien; foreigner (subst); unknown, unfamiliar

H8453תּוֹשָׁב – tō·shäv’ – sojourner, stranger; an emigrant sojourning in a strange country where he is not naturalized

Greek:

G1484ἔθνος – ethnosa multitude of individuals of the same nature or genus; used by Paul in the New Testament to refer to Gentiles.

G3581ξένος – xenos – a foreigner, a stranger, alien (from a person or a thing), without the knowledge of, without a share in


 New Testament References to Gentiles and those “without the Law”

(11) Therefore, remember that formerly you who are Gentiles G1484 by birth and called “uncircumcised” by those who call themselves “the circumcision” (which is done in the body by human hands) — (12) remember that at that time you were separate from Messiah, excluded from citizenship in Israel and foreigners to the covenants of the promise, without hope and without God in the world. (13) But now in Messiah Y’shua you who once were far away have been brought near by the blood of Messiah.  (14) For he himself is our peace, who has made the two groups one and has destroyed the barrier, the dividing wall of hostility, (15) by setting aside in his flesh the law with its commands and regulations.[7]  His purpose was to create in himself one new humanity out of the two, thus making peace, (16) and in one body to reconcile both of them to God through the cross, by which he put to death their hostility. (17) He came and preached peace to you who were far away [Gentiles] and peace to those who were near [Jews]. (18) For through him we both have access to the Father by one Spirit.  (19) Consequently, you are no longer foreigners and strangers, but fellow citizens with God’s people [the Jews] and also members of his household, (20) built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, with Messiah Y’shua himself as the chief cornerstone. Ephesians 2:11-20 NIV

(17) For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith.[8] (18) For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of [all] men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness; (19) Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath showed it unto them. (20) For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made [i.e., mankind], even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse:  Rom 1:17-20

 And if a soul sin, and commit any of these things which are forbidden to be done by the commandments of YHVH; though he wist [knows] it not, yet is he guilty, and shall bear his iniquity. Leviticus 5:17

For as many as have sinned [sin is the transgression of Torah, 1John 3:4] without law shall also perish without law: and as many as have sinned in the law shall be judged by the law For not the hearers of the law are just before God, but the doers of the law shall be justified… Romans 2:12-13  (I.e., EVERYONE answers to Torah)

Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God.  Rom 3:19

For Messiah is the end [Grk: telos G5056the aim, the goal, the target] of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth. For Moses describeth the righteousness which is of the law, That the man which doeth those things shall live by them (see Deut 6:25). Rom 10:4-5

[i.e., Y’shua demonstrates to all believers what properly walking in Torah looks like (so that everyone who believes can follow His example), for Moses described the righteousness which is of the law (Y’shua matches that description) and the man (Jew or Gentile) who does those things (by following Y’shua’s example) shall have life by them.]  [9]

Indeed, when Gentiles, who do not have the law, do by nature things required by the law, they are a law for themselves, even though they do not have the lawThey show that the requirements of the law are written on their hearts…  (Rom 2:14-15a

[I.e., Paul believes adherence to “the requirements of the law” to be decisive for all people, Jew and Gentile alike.]


 “Strangers” and “Gentiles” in the Old Testament

Strangers ‘dwelling among’ Israel:  To ‘dwell among’ or ‘sojourn among’ a people is to choose to live among them either permanently or temporarily, and abide by the laws and customs of those people.  This is the choice that Ruth made (Ruth 1:16-17), and she became the ancestress of Messiah Himself!

When a person becomes a disciple of Y’shua, he is adopted into the nation of Israel and is therefore ‘dwelling among’ them.

And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, beside children.  And a mixed multitude [Heb ‘ereb rab: a large number of strangers, aliens] went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle.  Exodus 12:37-38

But the stranger H1616 that dwelleth with you shall be unto you as one born among you, and thou shalt love him as thyself; for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt: I am YHVH your God.  Lev 19:34

And he that blasphemeth the name of YHVH, he shall surely be put to death, and all the congregation shall certainly stone him: as well the stranger H1616, as he that is born in the land, when he blasphemeth the name of YHVH, shall be put to death.  Lev 24:16

Six days thou shalt do thy work, and on the seventh day thou shalt rest: that thine ox and thine ass may rest, and the son of thy handmaid, and the stranger H1616, may be refreshed.  Ex 23:12

Therefore I said unto the children of Israel, No soul of you shall eat blood, neither shall any stranger H1616 that sojourneth among you eat blood.  Lev 17:12

Ye shall therefore keep my statutes and my judgments, and shall not commit any of these abominations; neither any of your own nation, nor any stranger H1616 that sojourneth among you:  Lev 18:26

Ye shall have one law for him that sinneth through ignorance, both for him that is born among the children of Israel, and for the stranger H1616 that sojourneth among them.  Num 15:29

But the soul that doeth ought presumptuously [sins on purpose], whether he be born in the land, or a stranger [Heb. min ger – out of the foreigner, possibly meaning an Israelite born in another land] H4480 H1616, the same reproacheth YHVH; and that soul shall be cut off from among his people.  Num 15:30

And he that gathereth the ashes of the heifer shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the even: and it shall be unto the children of Israel, and unto the stranger H1616 that sojourneth among them, for a statute for ever.  Num 19:10

[Implies that a ‘stranger’ could be allowed to gather the ashes of the red heifer, or, at the very least, that the stranger was just as subject to the laws regarding the red heifer – all of which had to do with purification for Temple worship – as the native Israelite.]

These six cities shall be a refuge, both for the children of Israel, and for the stranger H1616, and for the sojourner H8453 among them: that every one that killeth any person unawares may flee thither.  Num 35:15


 

Strangers participating in the Covenant:

An accepted principle is this: The first time a word is used in scripture will establish its primary meaning.  The first time the word “stranger” (Heb: גָּר GER) appears in the Word is at Genesis 15:13:

And he [YHVH] said unto Abram, “Know of a surety [you may be certain] that thy seed [descendants] shall be a stranger H1616 in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years; And also that nation, whom they shall serve, will I judge: and afterward shall they come out with great substance.  Genesis 15:13-14

We know that Abram/Abraham and his descendants dwelt as strangers in every land that they visited – they never took up citizenship, and they certainly never identified themselves with the pagan religions they found in those lands.  They always remained somewhat apart, participating in the local culture as much as their walk with YHVH would permit, but absenting themselves from those things that would have offended their Mighty Elohim.  In Egypt, they were indeed both strangers and servants, serving the natives of the land.

In stating these conditions that pertained to Abram/Abraham and his descendants, we are simultaneously stating the Scripture’s definition of a ‘stranger.’  They are not citizens (of Israel), but come from another land or culture; they may not be even distantly blood-related to the native populace; and they probably come from a different religious background.  They may have no social status whatever, like a servant.  However, when they choose to ‘sojourn’ in a Israel, they thereby indicate their willingness to cooperate in every way possible in the local culture, and may even ‘convert’ to the worship of YHVH.

Since believers are also defined as ‘children of Abraham’ (Gal 3:7), we are also describing the status of believers, so that every time we read this word GER in the Word, we may apply it to ourselves.

As we read the verses to follow, we will discover that it was the Father’s intent that the repentant and ‘converted’ stranger was to be treated as a native, was to have full access to temple worship, and was to be considered a brother in the Covenant.

Sadly, modern Jews have forgotten (or have re-scripted) the commands to welcome and include the stranger into their nation and worship.  To the modern Jew, we are indeed ‘strangers’, and scary ones at that – it is common (and not unreasonable) for them to fear that we might try to convert them to Christianity or steal their land.  Even more sadly, Christians have only ourselves to blame.  After the Jews have suffered at our hands for 2000 years, we should not be at all surprised that they have looked for every possible way to protect themselves from contact and relationship with Christians.

One of those ways has been to redefine the status of the GER.  The modern definition of the GER, now referred to as a GER TOSHAV, is: “a Gentile who accepts the authority of the Torah and the Rabbis upon himself, but specifically as applied to Gentiles.”  This means that the Jews only expect – indeed, only ALLOW – the ger toshav to  abide by certain, very proscribed ‘commands’, which they call the Noahide Laws, and for which they (inaccurately) appeal to Genesis 9:8-17 as their authority.  Thus the stranger is cut off from full covenant with the Living God, and, even worse from our perspective, he is not permitted to have any faith in or relationship with the ‘Christian Jesus.’

As we shall see, the verses that follow reveal these rabbinic prohibitions to be not only contrary to scripture, but also offensive and insulting to the stranger and even to YHVH, whose right to the stranger’s full, Torah-compliant worship is being ignored.  They also reveal the tragic fact that Brother Judah has forgotten his mandate to be a ‘priestly nation’ bringing the other nations into FULL relationship with YHVH.

May we, the returning prodigal son, seek to understand and respect our older brother Judah.  May we learn to honor Judah in his own home and accept his authority as our older brother — one who has been faithful to Torah, the Living Word (Heb 4:12), when we were not.


STRANGERS CAN BE PART OF THE COVENANTS

(1) Thus saith YHVH, Keep ye judgment [Heb. mishpat – ordinances, just laws], and do justice: for my salvation is near to come, and my righteousness to be revealed.  (2)  Blessed is the man that doeth this, and the son of man that layeth hold on it; that keepeth the sabbath from polluting it, and keepeth his hand from doing any evil.  (3)  Neither let the son of the stranger H5236, that hath joined himself to YHVH, speak, saying, YHVH hath utterly separated me from his people: neither let the eunuch say, Behold, I am a dry tree.  (4)  For thus saith YHVH unto the eunuchs that keep my sabbaths, and choose the things that please me, and take hold of my covenant; (5) Even unto them will I give in mine house and within my walls a place and a name better than of sons and of daughters: I will give them an everlasting name, that shall not be cut off.  (6) Also the sons of the stranger H5236, that join themselves to YHVH, to serve him, and to love the name of YHVH, to be his servants, every one that keepeth the sabbath from polluting it, and taketh hold of my covenant; (7)  Even them will I bring to my holy mountain, and make them joyful in my house of prayer: their burnt offerings and their sacrifices shall be accepted upon mine altar; for mine house shall be called an house of prayer for all people.  Isaiah 56:1-7

And if a stranger H1616 sojourn with you, or whosoever be among you in your generations, and will offer an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto YHVH; as ye do, so he shall do.  One ordinance shall be both for you of the congregation, and also for the stranger H1616 that sojourneth with you, an ordinance for ever in your generations: as ye are, so shall the stranger H1616 be before YHVH.  One law and one manner shall be for you, and for the stranger H1616 that sojourneth with you. Num 15:14-16

[NOTE: The rabbis did not permit Gentiles to enter the Temple precincts or bring sacrifices themselves.  Isaiah 56:1-7 and Num 15:14-16 (among others) show us that YHVH intended for Gentiles to have equal access to Him through Torah.]

(10) Ye stand this day all of you before YHVH your God; your captains of your tribes, your elders, and your officers, with all the men of Israel,  (11) Your little ones, your wives, and thy stranger H1616 that is in thy camp, from the hewer of thy wood unto the drawer of thy water:  (12) That thou shouldest enter into covenant with YHVH thy God, and into his oath, which YHVH thy God maketh with thee this day: (13) That he may establish thee today for a people unto himself, and that he may be unto thee a God, as he hath said unto thee, and as he hath sworn unto thy fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.  (14) Neither with you only do I make this covenant and this oath; (15) But with him that standeth here with us this day before YHVH our God, and also with him that is not here with us this day:  Deut 29:10-15

Gather the people together, men, and women, and children, and thy stranger H1616 that is within thy gates, that they may hear, and that they may learn, and fear YHVH your God, and observe to do all the words of this law Deut 31:12 

And all Israel, and their elders, and officers, and their judges, stood on this side the ark and on that side before the priests the Levites, which bare the ark of the covenant of YHVH, as well the stranger H1616, as he that was born among them; half of them over against mount Gerizim, and half of them over against mount Ebal; as Moses the servant of YHVH had commanded before, that they should bless the people of Israel. [NOTE: ‘The stranger’ is included in ‘the people of Israel.’] Joshua 8:33

And when a stranger H1616  shall sojourn with thee, and will keep the Passover to YHVH, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as one that is born in the land: for no uncircumcised person shall eat thereof.  One law shall be to him that is homeborn [native] H249, and unto the stranger H1616 that sojourneth among you.  Ex 12:48-49

Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses: for whosoever eateth that which is leavened, even that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he be a stranger H1616, or born in the land.  Ex 12:19

Ye shall have one law for him that sinneth through ignorance, both for him that is born among the children of Israel, and for the stranger H1616 that sojourneth among them.  Num 15:29

Ye shall have one manner of law, as well for the stranger H1616, as for one of your own country: for I am YHVH your God.  Lev 24:22

And all the men of his house, born in the house, and bought with money of the stranger [son of the foreigner] H1121 H5236, were circumcised with him.  Gen 17:27

Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses: for whosoever eateth that which is leavened, even that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he be a stranger H1616, or born in the land.  Ex 12:19

But the seventh day is the sabbath of YHVH thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger H1616 that is within thy gates.  Ex 20:10

Six days thou shalt do thy work, and on the seventh day thou shalt rest: that thine ox and thine ass may rest, and the son of thy handmaid, and the stranger H1616, may be refreshed.  Ex 23:12

And this shall be a statute for ever unto you: that in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, ye shall afflict your souls, and do no work at all, whether it be one of your own country, or a stranger H1616 that sojourneth among you:  Lev 16:29

Therefore I said unto the children of Israel, No soul of you shall eat blood, neither shall any stranger H1616 that sojourneth among you eat blood.  Lev 17:12

And every soul that eateth that which died of itself, or that which was torn with beasts, whether it be one of your own country, or a stranger H1616, he shall both wash his clothes, and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the even: then shall he be clean.  Lev 17:15

Ye shall therefore keep my statutes and my judgments, and shall not commit any of these abominations; neither any of your own nation, nor any stranger H1616 that sojourneth among you:  Lev 18:26

Ye shall have one manner of law, as well for the stranger H1616, as for one of your own country: for I am YHVH your God.  Lev 24:22

And the sabbath of the land shall be meat for you; for thee, and for thy servant, and for thy maid, and for thy hired servant, and for thy stranger [Heb: towshav – sojourner, stranger] H8453 that sojourneth with thee…  Lev 25:6

And if a stranger H1616 shall sojourn among you, and will keep the Passover unto YHVH; according to the ordinance of the Passover, and according to the manner thereof, so shall he do: ye shall have one ordinance, both for the stranger H1616, and for him that was born in the land.  Num 9:14

And it shall be forgiven all the congregation of the children of Israel, and the stranger H1616 that sojourneth among them; seeing all the people were in ignorance.  Num 15:26

Ye shall have one law for him that sinneth through ignorance, both for him that is born among the children of Israel, and for the stranger H1616 that sojourneth among them.  Num 15:29

But the soul that doeth ought presumptuously, whether he be born in the land, or a stranger [Heb. min ger – out of the foreigner] H4480 H1616, the same reproacheth YHVH; and that soul shall be cut off from among his people.  Num 15:30

STILL UNDER CONSTRUCTION  – The article is complete, but needs to be ‘prettied up.’ 

And he that gathereth the ashes of the heifer shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the even: and it shall be unto the children of Israel, and unto the stranger H1616 that sojourneth among them, for a statute for ever.  Num 19:10

But the seventh day is the sabbath of YHVH thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, nor thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thine ox, nor thine ass, nor any of thy cattle, nor thy stranger H1616 that is within thy gates; that thy manservant and thy maidservant may rest as well as thou.  Deut 5:14

And thou shalt rejoice before YHVH thy God, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter, and thy manservant, and thy maidservant, and the Levite that is within thy gates, and the stranger H1616, and the fatherless, and the widow, that are among you, in the place which YHVH thy God hath chosen to place his name there.  Deut 16:11

And thou shalt rejoice in thy feast, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter, and thy manservant, and thy maidservant, and the Levite, the stranger H1616, and the fatherless, and the widow, that are within thy gates.  Deut 16:14

And thou shalt rejoice in every good thing which YHVH thy God hath given unto thee, and unto thine house, thou, and the Levite, and the stranger H1616 that is among you.  Deut 26:11

Moreover concerning a stranger [Heb: nokriy – foreigner] H5237, that is not of thy people Israel, but cometh out of a far country for thy name’s sake; (For they shall hear of thy great name, and of thy strong hand, and of thy stretched out arm;) when he shall come and pray toward this house; Hear thou in heaven thy dwelling place, and do according to all that the stranger H5237 calleth to thee for: that all people of the earth may know thy name, to fear thee, as do thy people Israel; and that they may know that this house, which I have builded, is called by thy name.  1Kings 8:41-43

Moreover concerning the stranger H5237, which is not of thy people Israel, but is come from a far country for thy great name’s sake, and thy mighty hand, and thy stretched out arm; if they come and pray in this house; Then hear thou from the heavens, even from thy dwelling place, and do according to all that the stranger H5237 calleth to thee for; that all people of the earth may know thy name, and fear thee, as doth thy people Israel, and may know that this house which I have built is called by thy name.  2Chronicles 6:32-33

And the children of Israel, which were come again out of captivity, and all such as had separated themselves unto them from the filthiness of the heathen H1471 of the land, to seek YHVH God of Israel, did eat… Ezra 6:21

For every one of the house of Israel, or of the stranger H1616 that sojourneth in Israel, which separateth himself from me, and setteth up his idols in his heart, and putteth the stumbling block of his iniquity before his face, and cometh to a prophet to enquire of him concerning me; I YHVH will answer him by myself:  Ezek 14:7

And it shall come to pass, that in what tribe the stranger H1616 sojourneth, there shall ye give him his inheritance, saith Adonai YHVH.  Ezek 47:23

And he that blasphemeth the name of YHVH, he shall surely be put to death, and all the congregation shall certainly stone him: as well the stranger H1616, as he that is born in the land, when he blasphemeth the name of YHVH, shall be put to death.  Lev 24:16


Jews, too, have been and are strangers

[Abraham speaking] I am a stranger H1616 and a sojourner H8453 with you: give me a possession of a burying place with you, that I may bury my dead out of my sight. Gen 23:4

And give thee the blessing of Abraham, to thee, and to thy seed with thee; that thou mayest inherit the land wherein thou art a stranger [inaccurate translation? Heb maguwr – place of sojourning, dwelling-place] H4033, which God gave unto Abraham.  Gen 28:4

And Jacob dwelt in the land wherein his father was a stranger [inaccurate translation? Heb maguwr – place of sojourning, dwelling-place] H4033, in the land of Canaan.  Gen 37:1

And she bare him a son, and he called his name Gershom [Heb. Gerĕshom: foreigner] for he said, I have been a stranger H1616 in a strange [Heb. nokriy – foreign] H5237 land.  Ex 2:22

But the stranger H1616 that dwelleth with you shall be unto you as one born among you, and thou shalt love him as thyself; for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt: I am YHVH your God.  Lev 19:34

Love ye therefore the stranger H1616: for ye were strangers H1616 in the land of Egypt.  Deut 10:19

Thou shalt not abhor an Edomite; for he is thy brother: thou shalt not abhor an Egyptian; because thou wast a stranger H1616 in his land.  Deut 23:7

Hear my prayer, O YHVH, and give ear unto my cry; hold not thy peace at my tears: for I am a stranger H1616 with thee, and a sojourner H8453, as all my fathers were.  Psalm 39:12

I am a stranger H1616  in the earth: hide not thy commandments from me.  Psalm 119:19

 Hear my prayer, O YHVH, and give ear unto my cry; hold not thy peace at my tears: for I am a stranger H1616 with thee, and a sojourner H8453, as all my fathers were.  Psalm 39:12


Strangers are not to be abused

Thou shalt neither vex a stranger H1616, nor oppress him: for ye were strangers H1616  in the land of Egypt.  Ex 22:21

Also thou shalt not oppress a stranger H1616: for ye know the heart of a stranger H1616, seeing ye were strangers H1616 in the land of Egypt.  Ex 23:9

And thou shalt not glean thy vineyard, neither shalt thou gather every grape of thy vineyard; thou shalt leave them for the poor and stranger H1616: I am YHVH your God.  Lev 19:10

And if a stranger H1616 sojourn with thee in your land, ye shall not vex him.  But the stranger H1616 that dwelleth with you shall be unto you as one born among you, and thou shalt love him as thyself; for ye were strangers H1616 in the land of Egypt: I am YHVH your God.  Lev 19:33-34

And I charged your judges at that time, saying, Hear the causes between your brethren, and judge righteously between every man and his brother, and the stranger H1616 that is with him.  Deut 1:16

And when ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not make clean riddance of the corners of thy field when thou reapest, neither shalt thou gather any gleaning of thy harvest: thou shalt leave them unto the poor, and to the stranger H1616: I am YHVH your God.  Lev 23:22

He doth execute the judgment of the fatherless and widow, and loveth the stranger H1616, in giving him food and raiment.  Love ye therefore the stranger H1616 : for ye were strangers H1616 in the land of Egypt.  Deut 10:18-19

And the Levite, (because he hath no part nor inheritance with thee,) and the stranger H1616, and the fatherless, and the widow, which are within thy gates, shall come, and shall eat and be satisfied; that YHVH thy God may bless thee in all the work of thine hand which thou doest.  Deut 14:29

Thou shalt not pervert the judgment of the stranger H1616, nor of the fatherless; nor take a widow’s raiment to pledge:  Deut 24:17

When thou cuttest down thine harvest in thy field, and hast forgot a sheaf in the field, thou shalt not go again to fetch it: it shall be for the stranger H1616, for the fatherless, and for the widow: that YHVH thy God may bless thee in all the work of thine hands. When thou beatest thine olive tree, thou shalt not go over the boughs again: it shall be for the stranger H1616, for the fatherless, and for the widow.  When thou gatherest the grapes of thy vineyard, thou shalt not glean it afterward: it shall be for the stranger H1616, for the fatherless, and for the widow.   Deut 24:19-21

When thou hast made an end of tithing all the tithes of thine increase the third year, which is the year of tithing, and hast given it unto the Levite, the stranger H1616, the fatherless, and the widow, that they may eat within thy gates, and be filled…  Deut 26:12

Cursed be he that perverteth the judgment [Heb. mishpat – just ordinance; right, legal due] of the stranger H1616, fatherless, and widow. And all the people shall say, Amen.  Deut 27:19

The stranger H1616 did not lodge in the street: but I opened my doors to the traveler.  Job 31:32

If ye oppress not the stranger H1616, the fatherless, and the widow, and shed not innocent blood in this place, neither walk after other gods to your hurt:  Jer 7:6

Thus saith YHVH; Execute ye judgment [Heb: mishpat – just ordinances] and righteousness [Heb: tsĕdaqah – justice, lawfulness, Torah observance], and deliver the spoiled out of the hand of the oppressor: and do no wrong, do no violence to the stranger H1616, the fatherless, nor the widow, neither shed innocent blood in this place.  Jer 22:3

In thee have they set light by [Heb. qalal – lightly esteemed] father and mother: in the midst of thee have they dealt by oppression with the stranger H1616: in thee have they vexed the fatherless and the widow.  Ezek 22:7

The people of the land have used oppression, and exercised robbery, and have vexed the poor and needy: yea, they have oppressed the stranger H1616 wrongfully.  Ezek 22:29

And oppress not the widow, nor the fatherless, the stranger H1616, nor the poor; and let none of you imagine evil against his brother in your heart.  Zec 7:10

And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers, and against false swearers, and against those that oppress the hireling in his wages, the widow, and the fatherless, and that turn aside the stranger H1616 from his right, and fear not me, saith YHVH of hosts.  Mal 3:5

Just like the Israelites who were not descended from Levi, strangers were not privileged to serve in the sanctuary, although they could bring their sacrifices.  They also could not observe certain feasts unless they satisfied certain conditions, after which they were no longer to be considered strangers, but were to be treated as members of the Covenant Community.

And YHVH said unto Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the Passover: There shall no stranger [Heb. ben nakar: son of foreignness, son of vanity] H1121 H5236 eat thereof:  (caveat: unless they are circumcised, thereby accepting a place in the Covenant family, in which case they may eat the Passover – Ex 12:48).  Ex 12:43

And they shall eat those things wherewith the atonement was made, to consecrate and to sanctify them: but a stranger [Heb. zuwr – strange as in to BE strange, estranged, a harlot, an enemy – i.e. particularly loathsome, profane] H2114 shall not eat thereof, because they [those things wherewith the atonement was made] are holy.  Ex 29:33

Whosoever compoundeth any [holy oil] like it, or whosoever putteth any of it upon a stranger [Heb. zuwr – strange as in to BE strange, estranged, a harlot, an enemy – i.e. particularly loathsome, profane] H2114, shall even be cut off from his people.  Ex 30:33

There shall no stranger [Heb. zuwr – strange as in to BE strange, estranged, a harlot, an enemy – i.e. particularly loathsome, profane] H2114 eat of the holy thing: a sojourner [i.e., guest] of the priest, or an hired servant, shall not eat of the holy thing.  Lev 22:10

If the priest’s daughter also be married unto a stranger [Heb. ben – son of] [Heb. zuwr – strange as in to BE strange, estranged, a harlot, an enemy – i.e. particularly loathsome, profane] H376 H2114 , she may not eat of an offering of the holy things.  Lev 22:12

And when the tabernacle setteth forward, the Levites shall take it down: and when the tabernacle is to be pitched, the Levites shall set it up: and the stranger [Heb. zuwr – strange as in to BE strange, estranged, a harlot, an enemy – i.e. particularly loathsome, profane] H2114  that cometh nigh shall be put to death.  Num 1:51

And thou shalt appoint Aaron and his sons, and they shall wait on their priest’s office: and the stranger [Heb. zuwr – strange as in to BE strange, estranged, a harlot, an enemy – i.e. particularly loathsome, profane] H2114 that cometh nigh shall be put to death.  Num 3:10

But those that encamp before the tabernacle toward the east, even before the tabernacle of the congregation eastward, shall be Moses, and Aaron and his sons, keeping the charge of the sanctuary for the charge of the children of Israel; and the stranger [Heb. zuwr – strange as in to BE strange, estranged, a harlot, an enemy – i.e. particularly loathsome, profane] H2114 that cometh nigh shall be put to death.  Num 3:38

To be a memorial unto the children of Israel, that no stranger [Heb. ben – son of] [Heb. zuwr – strange as in to BE strange, estranged, a harlot, an enemy – i.e. particularly loathsome, profane] H376 H2114, which is not of the seed of Aaron, come near to offer incense [a priestly duty] before YHVH; that he be not as Korah, and as his company: as YHVH said to him by the hand of Moses.  Num 16:40

And they shall be joined unto thee, and keep the charge of the tabernacle of the congregation, for all the service of the tabernacle: and a stranger [Heb. zuwr – strange as in to BE strange, estranged, a harlot, an enemy – i.e. particularly loathsome, profane] H2114  shall not come nigh unto you.  Num 18:4

Therefore thou and thy sons with thee shall keep your priest’s office for every thing of the altar, and within the veil; and ye shall serve: I have given your priest’s office unto you as a service of gift: and the stranger [Heb. zuwr – strange as in to BE strange, estranged, a harlot, an enemy – i.e. particularly loathsome, profane] H2114  that cometh nigh shall be put to death.  Num 18:7

Thou shalt in any wise set him king over thee, whom YHVH thy God shall choose: one from among thy brethren shalt thou set king over thee: thou mayest not set a stranger [Heb. nokriy ish – foreign man] H5237 H376 over thee, which is not thy brother.  Deut 17:15

Thus saith Adonai YHVH; No stranger [Heb. ben nakar – son of foreignness, son of foreign gods] H1121 H5236, uncircumcised in heart, nor uncircumcised in flesh, shall enter into my sanctuary, of any stranger [Heb not given in Strong’s] that is among the children of Israel.  Ezek 44:9

[Note: Unlike other passages referring to Gentiles and which use words like ger, goy and nokriy, meaning merely ‘foreign,’ the passages prohibiting access to the area and instruments of worship consistently use the word zuwr, which carries with it the idea of being loathsome, profane and unclean, associated with paganism.  It is difficult to avoid coming to the conclusion that these passages are not talking specifically about non-Jews, but rather about any person who has separated himself from the covenant and has thereby made himself unholy (not set apart to YHVH).] 


 

Were Gentiles originally considered ‘clean’ to eat with?

Moreover there were at my table an hundred and fifty of the Jews and rulers, beside those that came unto us from among the heathen H1471 that are about us.  Neh 5:17

[Note: A possible alternative meaning might be that Israelites who had been living among the heathen also joined them at table. Input from knowledgeable Hebrew-speakers would be appreciated.]


 

 Yah’s Plan for the Nations

For from the rising of the sun even unto the going down of the same my name shall be great among the Gentiles; H1471 and in every place incense shall be offered unto my name, and a pure offering: for my name shall be great among the heathen, H1471 saith YHVH of hosts.  Mal 1:11

And in that day there shall be a root of Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign of the people; to it shall the Gentiles H1471 seek: and his rest shall be glorious. Isa 11:10

Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect, in whom my soul delighteth; I have put my spirit upon him: he shall bring forth judgment [Heb. mishpat – ordinances; justice] to the Gentiles. H1471 Isa 42:1

I YHVH have called thee in righteousness, and will hold thine hand, and will keep thee, and give thee for a covenant of the people, for a light of the Gentiles H1471… Isa 42:6

And he said, It is a light thing [it is not enough] that thou shouldest be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved of Israel: I will also give thee for a light to the Gentiles H1471, that thou mayest be my salvation unto the end of the earth.  Isa 49:6

And the Gentiles H1471 shall come to thy light, and kings to the brightness of thy rising.  Isa 60:3

(16) And it shall come to pass, that every one that is left of all the nations H1471 which came against Jerusalem [at the Battle of Armageddon] shall even go up from year to year to worship the King, YHVH of hosts, and to keep the feast of tabernacles. (17) And it shall be, that whoso will not come up of all the families of the earth unto Jerusalem to worship the King, YHVH of hosts, even upon them shall be no rain. (18) And if the family of Egypt go not up, and come not, that have no rain; there shall be the plague, wherewith YHVH will smite the heathen H1471 that come not up to keep the feast of tabernacles.  (19) This shall be the punishment of Egypt, and the punishment of all nations H1471 that come not up to keep the feast of tabernacles.  Zec 14:16-19

O YHVH, my strength, and my fortress, and my refuge in the day of affliction, the Gentiles H1471 shall come unto thee from the ends of the earth, and shall say, Surely our fathers have inherited lies, vanity, and things wherein there is no profit.  Jer 16:19


FOOTNOTES

[1] This is a typical example of Hebraic parallelism or synthetic parallelism, in which the same idea is reiterated in different ways and built upon in the same passage.  (See Parallelism in Hebrew PoetryRighteousness and Torah are being equated to one another and to Truth. Truth (Heb: emet) is defined by Strong’s (H571) as firmness, faithfulness, sureness, reliability, stability, continuance, etc.  This becomes significant when we read statements like Ps 119:142 – …thy Torah is the Truth.

[2] Please see our article, EVIDENCE THAT TORAH WAS GIVEN TO ALL MEN FOR ALL TIME.

[3] Many readers will object, “But now we are under the NEW Covenant, in which the Law has no place!”  This objection is based on the tradition of the Christian church, and it is deserving of more careful consideration than we can give here. Please see our article, WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO BE ‘RIGHTEOUS’?

[4] whatsoever they bid you observe, that [is what you should] observe and do: There is scholarly reason to believe that the original wording was not ‘they’ (referring to the Pharisees), but rather ‘he’ (referring to Moses).  In either case, Y’shua is plainly instructing his people to follow the Law of Moses, but not to follow the additional rulings of the scribes and Pharisees when they contradict God’s Torah instructions and principles.

[5] There is scholarly reason to believe that the single English word “works” was used to replace the two original terms used, which were takanot and ma’asim – words that specifically referred to the man-made regulations of the Pharisees, but for which there was no Greek equivalent.

[6] Y’shua was quoting a scripture that was familiar to his listeners – a scripture which teaches specifically about Torah observance: Thus saith YHVH, Stand ye in the ways, and see, and ask for the old paths, where is the good way, and walk therein, and ye shall find rest for your souls. But they [the rebels and idolaters] said, We will not walk therein. [We will not walk in Torah.] … Hear, O earth: behold, I will bring evil upon this people, even the fruit of their thoughts, because they have not hearkened unto my words, nor to my Torah, but rejected it.  Jeremiah 6:16, 19

[7]  The KJV translates this more correctly as Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances; for to make in himself of twain one new man, so making peace…  In other words, what was abolished was not the law, but the ENMITY that was created (by man-made laws) between Torah-observant Jews and pagan Gentiles. This is reiterated in verse 14 (he has destroyed the dividing wall of hostility) and verse 16 (he put to death their hostility).  A strong case can be made that the phrase “commandments contained in ordinances [Greek: dogmasin]” does not even refer to Torah, but refers to the man-made ordinances of the Pharisees and other sects.  (See, for example, Colossians 2:14 – What was Nailed to the Cross?)

[8] Paul is quoting Habakkuk 2:4…the just shall live by his faith.  When this verse is studied in the original Hebrew, the results are amazing and offer a much deeper understanding of Paul’s teaching. The word translated as ‘the just’ is the Hebrew word צַדִּיק (tsaddiyq) and means just, lawful, righteous.  This word was commonly used as a title: a tsaddiyq was a man who faithfully followed Torah, because, as Moses taught, it shall be our righteousness [tsedequah], if we observe to do all these commandments before YHVH our God, as he hath commanded us. (Deut 6:25) Habakkuk is talking about a Torah-observant man!  Even more interesting and significant is the phrase “shall live by his faith.”   The word translated as ‘faith’ is the Hebrew word אֱמוּנָה (em·ü·nä’) and means firmness, fidelity, steadfastness, steadiness.  Habakkuk is telling us that the man who steadfastly observes Torah will live!  Paul certainly understood this – He was a well-trained Pharisee and knew the scriptures intimately.  When we continue on in Paul’s own statement (Rom 1:18-20), we see that he is telling us that the wrath of God will come against any man who does not live according to Torah standards, because they are without excuse.  This is why he tells us in Romans 2:12, For as many as have sinned without law shall also perish without law: and as many as have sinned in the law shall be judged by the law…, and (Rom 6:23), for the wages of sin is death [implied: for all men].  Thus the Law affects every man, so that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God. (Rom 3:19)  Praise Yah that in Y’shua, Torah no longer has the power to condemn the faithful to death! (Rom 8:1)  There is MUCH more to this teaching, but we cannot take the space to discuss it here.  We are in the process of writing an article entitled The Book of Romans as part of our series, What Did the Apostles Teach? and will post it as soon as possible.  In the meantime, we are welcome your questions and urge you to read some of our other articles that discuss this concept.

[9]  No doubt this sounds like legalism to many readers, but it is not.  Salvation is indeed through faith, but faith has no substance until it is demonstrated through the actions of daily life.  Obedience to Torah simply reveals that faith exists!  For a more thorough discussion, please see our article, WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO BE RIGHTEOUS?.


© Sue Wyatt and The Lamb’s Servant Blog, 2017.  Permission to use and/or duplicate original material on The Lamb’s Servant Blog is granted, provided that full and clear credit is given to Sue Wyatt  and The Lamb’s Servant Blog, with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.

Torah in the Book of the ACTS of the Apostles: Chapter 13 (Part 2)

Acts 13  – Continued

But when they departed from Perga, they came to Antioch in Pisidia, and went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and sat down.   Acts 13:14

Sabbath as a signWe consistently find Paul and his assistants meeting in the synagogues on the divinely appointed 7th day.   Many teach that this was simply because they were ‘going where the people were,’ and that the apostles themselves worshipped with true believers on Sundays.  We will discuss this in Acts, Chapter 20.  For now, simply note that Paul and his entourage regularly attended Sabbath (Friday night and Saturday) worship as Torah instructs.  Continue reading Torah in the Book of the ACTS of the Apostles: Chapter 13 (Part 2)

Torah in the Book of the ACTS of the Apostles: Chapters 11 – 12

The next Torah-pertinent passage we find in Acts is in Chapter 12.  It is the first indication we get that the disciples were still observing the Feasts of YHVH.  It is rather indirect, but worth mentioning.  We will see other more obvious evidences later.

bread-of-life.jpgNow about that time Herod the king stretched forth his hands to vex certain of the church. And he killed James the brother of John with the sword. And because he saw it pleased the Jews, he proceeded further to take Peter also. (Then were the days of unleavened bread.)  Acts 12:1-3
Continue reading Torah in the Book of the ACTS of the Apostles: Chapters 11 – 12

Torah in the Book of the ACTS of the Apostles – Chapters 1-5

Book-of-ActsThe book of Acts is purported to have been written by a gentile (possibly Luke the Physician) who traveled with Paul on many of his missionary journeys.  It is thought that the book was written for the edification of the gentile believers to whom Paul had ministered.  Continue reading Torah in the Book of the ACTS of the Apostles – Chapters 1-5

Fox Byte 5775 #12: VaYechi (And He Lived)

All things are being restored, as promised in scripture, and part of that restoration includes a renewed understanding of the believer’s place in the Family of God. This article does a great job of explaining that relationship. Thanks to Al Carn of “The Barking Fox.”

The Barking Fox

וַיְחִי

José Ferrer as Cyrano and Mala Powers as Roxane in Stanley Kramer's 1950 film  production of Cyrano de Bergerac.José Ferrer as Cyrano and Mala Powers as Roxane in Stanley Kramer’s 1950 film production of Cyrano de Bergerac.

The timeless appeal of Edmond Rostand’s Cyrano de Bergerac is in its depiction of selfless love.  Cyrano’s bigger-than-life character captures our attention instantly.  How could it not?  He is a man’s man – no one wields a sword as brilliantly, nor as judiciously, as this noble French warrior whose sense of right and wrong guides him to uphold the cause of those less fortunate.  Yet Cyrano is a sensitive soul, the greatest poet of his day, and one quick to win the confidence of the ladies.  Even though his overly large nose draws immediate notice, Cyrano himself is larger than this one glaring defect, and in fact capitalizes on it to win greater acclaim and honor.  But it is that defect which keeps Cyrano from the desire of his…

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