Yeshua is the Door

This great word study by Peter Ryall of the Missing Pieces blog has some really great nuggets in it that will light up your day. Enjoy!

Missing Pieces

the-door-of-the-sheep“Then Jesus said to them again, “Most assuredly, I say to you, I am the door of the sheep.John 10:7

In Yeshua’s “I am” statement about being the Door of the Sheep,  He teaches us that He is “the Door”, not just “a door”.  He is saying that He is not only our Shepherd who leads us into the sheepfold of the Kingdom, but He is the only door by which we can enter and be saved and find safe pasture (John 10:9).  There are deeper meanings for understanding Yeshua as our door into the Kingdom of God, so come with me now as we dig deeper into the Word to explore these meanings.

It is helpful to understand more about sheep and shepherding in general and specifically during Yeshua’s time.  Of all domesticated animals, sheep are the most helpless.  Sheep will spend their entire day…

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6 thoughts on “Yeshua is the Door”

  1. Sue – I wonder if you might be able to help shed some light on a question we (Joel from “in the desert with Jesus” and I) are pondering:
    What scriptures did Jesus read?
    – e.g. did He read what we know as the OT? Or did He read books not included today or the opposite, books included today but not during His time on earth?
    I know truth comes from you, so if you have any insights, I would love to hear them.
    Love you dearly.
    Lene

    Liked by 1 person

    1. This is a question that hubby John and I checked into when we first began seriously studying the Torah. We, too, wanted to be sure that we were studying the scriptures that Y’shua studied. (Well, actually He WROTE them! lol)

      In Luke 24:44, Y’shua is quoted as saying, ““This is what I told you while I was still with you: Everything must be fulfilled that is written about me in the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the Psalms.” These were exactly the words that were used in His time to refer to what we call the Scriptures or the Old Testament today.

      The word translated as “the law” is the word ‘nomos’ and always refers to the 613 commands of the first five books: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. We can be confident that these were the books that Y’shua was referring to for a number of different reasons. We have many, many manuscripts of these books (even from His time and well before) and they agree with one another in all respects – there were not different ‘versions’ of these books available. In fact, the primary copy was kept at the Temple in Jerusalem and all authorized copies had to agree with that particular copy, or they had to be destroyed.

      The Septuagint is the Greek version of these books. It was written 250-300 years before Y’shua was born, and it is the version normally quoted in the Greek epistles of the New Testament. It, too, very obviously and unquestionably was translated from the original Hebrew of the scriptures we have today.

      Y’shua also referred to “The Prophets.” These were the same books we have today (Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezra, Nehemiah, Daniel, etc), but they MAY have included some other books. For example, Y’shua teaches doctrines that are found in detail only in the Book of 1Enoch, and Jude also quotes the Book of 1Enoch. The Book of Jasher also seems to have been accepted as a reliable reference. In addition, several ‘histories’ are referred to in the Scriptures. We have most of these histories, but there are a couple that are referred to that we do not seem to have any longer. Thankfully they appear to have included information that is also found in I/II Kings and I/II Chronicles, so we aren’t missing much.

      In Y’shua’s day, the term “The Psalms” referred to the rest of the books (called “writings”) – not just the Psalms. Song of Solomon was included in this collection, as were the Books of Ruth and Esther, etc.

      In general we are satisfied that the Biblical books we know in our modern OT are the same books that Y’shua knew and studied. We believe that there were a couple of other books (particularly 1Enoch and Jasher) that He and the people of His time also considered important. (For example, 1Enoch is still canonical to the oldest surviving ‘primitive Christian’ denomination in Ethiopia.)

      Be warned, however, that there were MANY different ‘Christian’ sects which varied wildly in their beliefs, and each had its own ‘canonical’ books – some of them are pretty outrageous and outlandish, while others may actually merit some respect. So far, I have not found any besides 1Enoch that I would consider ‘inspired’ however (not even Jasher, which is actually more of a history than a book of instruction).

      Y’shua was probably aware of and may have read The Books of the Maccabees. They are decent histories, but they also include material that is less than reliable. Y’shua never makes reference to any material found in these books, so I suspect that He dismissed them as ‘secular’ and of no importance.

      Other writings that Yeshua would have been familiar with were the Targums (OT books with commentary by sages). You can learn more about them in Wikipedia. They can be very fascinating, as the commentary reveals how people interpreted and viewed the scriptures in the centuries before Y’shua. Y’shua often says something along the line of “You have heard it said….” In these statements, He is quite possibly referring to the Targums, which were widely respected teaching tools and were carefully studied in the schools and taught in the synagogues.

      Although many Hebrew Roots people resist the Talmud (aka Oral Torah), we are learning from the OT itself that there really was an Oral Torah given to Moses along with the written Torah. Much of the modern Talmud is additional to (and distracts from) the original Oral Torah, but Y’shua would have been aware of the genuine Oral Torah and was most certainly observant of its commands, which included such things as the proper killing of animals, the instructions given to David for the building of the First Temple and the establishing its liturgical worship service, etc.

      Of course Y’shua did NOT ever refer to the New Testament writings, because they did not exist until well after His death and resurrection. His own teachings are taken solidly and without exception from the OT. Since He promised to equip us in every way for our Walk with Him, I find it significant that He did NOT tell us to look for NEW writings or revised instructions. To the contrary, on multiple occasions, He exhorted the people to study and meditate on the ANCIENT scriptures, particularly on the Torah given to Moses. He warned them more than once that if they were not devoted to THOSE scriptures, they would ‘err’ and find themselves drawn away into ‘lawlessness’ (sin).

      I haven’t included scripture quotes here, but I can find them for you if you need them. 🙂 Hope this helps!
      Much love
      Sue

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      1. This is so interesting Sue – thanks so much for taking the time to jot all this down. I took the liberty to cope-paste your words here and incorporate it into a comment on Joel’s post (we’re actually trying to understand why the apocrypha was included first and then taken out, but got “sidetracked” into something far more interesting!) If you want to read/look, this is the link:
        https://inthedesertwithjesus.wordpress.com/2016/12/05/what-do-you-think-the-apocrypha/comment-page-1/#comment-1101

        I do have one other question though… Hanukkah! I can’t find it in the OT, but was told it is in the septuagint and in the Maccabees. If the septuagint is the Greek version of the OT (largely), why do Jewish people celebrate Hanukkah? Don’t get me wrong, I LOVE the symbolism of it and I actually got myself a Menorah so I can light candles this year :-), but – Did Jesus celebrate Hanukkah?
        More Love
        Lene

        Liked by 2 people

        1. Interesting thread there at Joel’s blog! Thanks for sharing that with us. Only one comment comes to mind regarding that discussion: Although the RCC Bible includes the Apocryphal books, they have always been kept in a separate part (the back) of the canonical Bible, because they were never fully accepted as inspired. They are considered ‘supplemental reading.’ Since the Vatican instructs its people NOT to read their Bibles unless under the guidance of their priests, in my estimation the RCC’s inclusion of the Apocryphal books can only be viewed as ‘priestly educational tools’ rather than as inspired scripture.

          As for your question regarding Hanukkah – a lovely day indeed! And yes, it appears that Y’shua did indeed observe Hanukkah (more about that to follow).

          What people forget, however, is that Hanukkah was not designed and commanded by YHVH. It is a day that MEN set apart – out of grateful hearts – to thank YHVH for restoring their purified Temple to them. In other words, Hanukkah marks a historical event, not a prophetic event (like the other feasts). The same is true of Purim, which also commemorates a historical event.

          Since the event that is commemorated by Hanukkah occurred after the Age of the Prophets and after the Jews had ‘closed’ their canon, the event is recorded elsewhere. This is why we find it recorded in the histories called the Books of the Maccabees, written long after the Age of the Prophets. Those histories were included in the Septuagint, because they were the only good records of Israelite history from the period of the close of the Prophets to the ‘modern’ times in which the Septuagint was compiled. The Septuagint was intended as a teaching tool for Israelites and proselytes outside of The Land, and for those who did not have a solid understanding of the history, customs and traditions of the Jews.

          The Jews celebrate both Hanukkah and Purim because the Great Sanhedrin made it a requirement that they do so as a nation – not because it was commanded in a book of any type.

          We BELIEVE (but cannot prove) that Y’shua honored Hanukkah for three reasons: (1) The Tanakh instructs the people to obey the legal commands of the Judges (the Sanhedrin) and Y’shua was obedient in ALL things and would never have disputed the God-given authority granted those judges. (2) Hanukkah was already an established national celebration in His day, and He too, would certainly rejoice with the people that the Temple service had been restored. (3) There is mention in the Gospels (particularly in Mark, if I recall) that Y’shua was “walking in the Temple” on a day that, according to the chronology of other events in the passage, could only have been at Hanukkah. I do not give a lot of weight to this theory, but there would have been no reason whatever for Y’shua NOT to have observed Hanukkah.

          Forgive me if I am repeating things you already know, but for others who might read these comments, allow me to include some history about Hanukkah: It is an 8-day celebration because the ceremony of Temple purification requires 8 days. For many generations, the period was celebrated only AT the Temple, and its culminating 8th day was a magnificent celebration involving the lighting of huge (7-branched) menorahs and dancing in the courtyard of the Temple.

          The story about the small amount of oil lasting unabated for 8 days is merely legend and did not come about until after the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 AD..

          The reason for the oil legend? As long as the Jews HAD a Temple, it was logical and joyous to celebrate its restoration. However, once the Temple was destroyed, Hanukkah became a bitter reminder that the Temple no longer existed, and the people began abandoning the celebration. The rabbis wanted to keep the Temple in the forefront of national thought – how else would it ever be rebuilt? – so they looked for ways to make the day a delight rather than a burden. It was at this time that the legend of the oil was fabricated, and the rabbis designed the 9-branched menorah as part of the celebration. (It had not previously existed.)

          They chose a 9-branched menorah design for two reasons: (1) one light for each day plus one that remained burning for all 8 days, and (2) because they did not want to replicate the HOLY 7-branched menorah, which might lead the people to profane the use of the Holy Menorah.

          I love Hanukkah myself. For me, it is a time to rededicate the temple of the Body of Messiah, including myself. Marty Goetz has a wonderful song based on this principle: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xiZkfQN7ps0

          I love seeing how Abba worked in the hearts of the rabbis to include all sorts of symbolism that represents the ministry of Messiah – especially the Shamash (Servant) candle of the menorah, representing Y’shua/the Holy Spirit spreading His light to His people.

          When we work out the chronology of events in scripture, we find that Y’shua was conceived of the Ruach at the time of Hanukkah – ‘the Light came into the world’ at Hanukkah! So yes, Hanukkah is a precious celebration in many respects – ENJOY! ❤

          Liked by 2 people

  2. I love this Sue. Thanks for explaining about Hanukkah and I really find the symbolism quite the stroke of genius here! It makes a lot of sense to have it a “national holiday”, in a sense much like Christmas or American Thanksgiving, to keep the temple in people’s minds. But I’m quite relived to know I can skip all the oily foods 😉 ha ha ha.

    Admittedly, I do not know much about Catholic Bibles, but I too know that the Vatican encourages only to read the Bible with a priest. That’s really all I need to know to grab my Book and run off!

    Thanks Sue. Much Love X

    Liked by 1 person

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